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The Great Earthquake in Japan, 1891

by J. Milne and W.K. Burton, plates by K. Ogawa. This book includes considerable photographic documentation on the October 28, 1891 earthquake which occurred in Central Japan.

The Cotton Mill at Nagoya, was a large brick building with a cellar and two floors, and with a tower one storey higher, about half way from one end of the building and at one side. The building is shown in a terribly wrecked condition; there are not more than about half the walls standing, and these are cracked, twisted, and half overset.

The Cotton Mill at Nagoya
The Cotton Mill at Nagoya

Biwajima is a suburb of the city of Nagoya. It is not exaggeration to say that the destruction was complete.

Biwajima: a suburb of Nagoya
Biwajima: a suburb of Nagoya

This fault, which shews a vertical displacement of 20 to 25 feet, is clearly visible for about three quarters of a mile.

The Neo Valley Fault
The Neo Valley Fault

The most notable thing between Gifu and Ogaki is the railway bridge over the Nagara-gawa, which has been totally destroied.

Nagara Gawa railway bridge
Nagara Gawa railway bridge

Near the Kisogawa Bridge the railway is twisted. The extent of motion between the sleepers and the surrounding gravel is in many places from 5 to 6 inches.

Twisted railway line
Twisted railway line